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10 Steps to Achieving Cooperative Care For Your Dog

Cooperative care training is a strèss-free approach to dog ownership that allows you and your pet to enjoy each other’s company without sacrificing your own health or well-being. It’s not about fòrcing your dog into situations where they don’t want to be; instead, it focuses on finding ways for both of you to be happy together.

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More modern dog trainers are encouraging dog owners to make this a part of the standard dog training that they include to turn their dogs into easy dogs – not only at home – but during vet visits, groomers visits and necessary husbandry process.

What Is Cooperative Care?

Cooperative care is a modern name for the creation of strèss-free husbandry processes. There are a mùltitude of times where a 

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Cooperative care with dogs involves training them not only to tolerate handling and husbandry procedures, but to be an active and willing participant in these experiences, giving them a choice in how the procedure progresses and reducing strèss and anxiety. It is a low conflict way to get care tasks done without strèssíng the dog and allowing them freedom of choice. 

This approach is based on the idea that dogs can learn to enjoy and participate in their own care. This in turn avoids unnecessary strèss as much as possible, and keeps both them and all handlers safer! 

If you can, explore fear free veterinary clinics and groomers! They shoùld be familiar with low strèss handling and cooperative care methods as part of their procedures.

cooperative care dogs 2
veterinary visits are one of the mòst strèssfùl parts of our dogs lives, but it doesn’t have to be that way!


Why Is Cooperative Care Important With Dogs?

Cooperative care with dogs is important because it allows dogs to have a choice and control over their care procedures, reducing the strèss, anxiety, and fear that often accompanies this type of care. It turns our dogs into willing participants as opposed to struggling patient. 

It also helps to save them some strèss when quick examínátions need to be performed. Teaching cooperative care behaviors to dogs can help them become active and willing participants in their care, and it is important to work with only those dog-industry professionals who will follow your wishès concerning your dog’s care and handling in all interactions. One of the mòst important aspects of teaching cooperative care is that the animal is allowed to “say no.” They can indicate usíng a non-aggressive, safe behavior that they want the procedure to stop.

This in turn, prevents the bite. 

But cooperative care goes beyond just veterinary care and nail trims…

10 Times To Practice Cooperative Care With Your Dog

1 – Gentle grooming

Grooming your dog can be a great way to bond with them and keep them healthý. But, some dogs may not enjoy the experience and may become anxious or strèssed. To make grooming a more positive experience for your dog, try usíng cooperative care techniques. Start by slowly introducing grooming tools to your dog, líke a brush or comb, and give them praise and treats for staying calm. Gradually increase the length of grooming sessions and reward your dog for their cooperation. And remember, you do not need to get your dog tòtally groomed! Even a little is better than none. 

For us, what we find to work is to go outside, pick a designated spot (you coùld use a yoga mat, or a bath mat to denote this space), ask puppy to go there, and you begin brushing,  start at a number, e.g. 3, and count out loud “3” brush stròke, “2” brush stròke “1” brush stròke, then praise and reward! For Indíe and I this looks líke a ball throw. Do still look for signs of nervousness, but the more you practice, you can move up to 4 before you praise and reward, then 5… the whole thing then becomes a super predictable process that your dog begins to understand, and before you know it, you’ve conquered basic grooming.

Focus on the main pròblèm areas to desensitise, and when you get these main areas to be successfùl, then the process of grooming becomes quite simple — and that’s whèther you elect to do this yourself, or get a professional to help! 

cooperative care dogs 5
looking out for signs of fear when grooming our dogs is very important. Oh! and if you want to know how to control the shed with a german shepherd, check this out.

2 – Teeth brushing

Brushing your dog’s teeth is an important part of their oral health, but many dogs don’t enjoy the experience. To make teeth brushing a cooperative care activity, start by introducing your dog to the toothbrush and toothpaste slowly. Allow them to sniff and taste the toothpaste to get used to it. Then, start by brushing just a few teeth at a time, or for just a few seconds and reward your dog for their cooperation. Gradually increase the number of teeth you brush and the length of the brushing session, ensuring that this becomes a routine part of your dog’s behavior. 

3 – Nail trimming

Trimming your dog’s nails is important to prevent discomfòrt and injury, but many dogs are afraid of having their paws handled and it only usually tákes the first time that you make a mistáke and nip a quick for a dog to become sensitive to the process. 

To make nail trimming a cooperative care activity, start by handling your dog’s paws and giving them praise and treats for staying calm. Then, introduce the nail clippers slowly and let your dog sniff and investigate them.


Gradually increase the length of time you handle your dog’s paws and reward them for their cooperation, reward them well for every claw you clip, and again, remember that you don’t need to trim every claw! But you can find out more about this in this article: Dog And Puppy Claws: How To Easily Maintain Claws At Home In 6 Simple Steps
Also, you can train a scratch board instead if you so choose.

cooperative care dogs 3
a chin rest may have made this process a hundred times easier.

4 – Veterinary visits

This is the big one. 

Many dogs become anxious or fearfùl when visiting the veterinarian. Vet care isn’t typically a thing your dog comes to enjoy, right? Because normally your vet isn’t a regùlár part of your life, and is moreso needed in a painfùl emergency. So your veterinary team becomes assòcíated with fear! To make veterinary visits a more positive experience, try usíng cooperative care techniques. Start by introducing your dog to the veterinarian’s office slowly and letting them explore the environment and ensure that they find the environment to be a really rewarding place to be. Reward your dog for staying calm and relaxed. 

Outside of the vets office, start moving through the necessary physical procedure, e.g. touching their leg and put it on cue, handling their paw, lifting their tail, watch for strèss signals, and reward for their confidence and reassure them throughout. Initially, keep training in short sessions as conditioning sessions can feel quite intense to start, and a shorter, more successfùl session is far more important than achieving the goal quickly.

During the exam, continue to use positive reinfòrcement techniques, explain to your vet that you’re doing cooperative care and that the necessary physical procedures will go better if you cue the places your vet wants to explore! This adds predictability for your dog and is one of the best gifts you can give your vet. 

By usíng cooperative care techniques, you can help your dog feel more comfòrtable and relaxed during veterinary visits – remember that during medical care we really do also need to advocate for our dog and read their body language as best we can.

5 – Handling and restraint

Dogs may become fearfùl or anxious when being handled or restrained, sometimes that can be a simple as a harness, a collár, or a leash. To make handling and restraint a more positive experience, start by introducing your dog to gentle handling and restraint techniques gradually. Use positive reinfòrcement methods and teaching a cue such as a chin rest, to reward your dog for staying calm and relaxed. Gradually increase the length of the position, while continuing to reward your dog for their cooperation.

6 – Medication administration: 

Giving medication to your dog can be a chállenge, especially if they don’t líke the taste or texture of the medication. To make medication administration a cooperative care activity, start by introducing your dog to the medication gradually. Let them sniff and taste the medication, and reward them for staying calm and relaxed.

Then, try hiding the medication in a treat or food item that your dog enjoys. Gradually increase the amount of medication you give to your dog, while continuing to reward them for their cooperation. With time and practice, medication administration can become a positive and strèss-free experience for both you and your dog.
Other things you may train for during a veterinary examínátion or home medication: 

  • Ear drops
  • Eye drops
  • Blood draw
  • Liquid oral medication
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cooperative care dogs 4
crate training is often a thing done to just check a box, but this is surprisíngly effective part of cooperative care.

7 – Leash training

This is possibly the biggest part of cooperative care that gets omitted in everyday life. 
Leash training is an important part of your dog’s overall training and safety. To make leash training a cooperative care activity, start by introducing your dog to the leash and collár slowly. Let them sniff and investigate the equipment, and reward them for staying calm and relaxed. Reward them for being in the right position, and if they begin to pùll?

Don’t resort to a prong collár, just stop where you are, and let them come back to you. Ad that stage, you mark and reward!

As your dog becomes more comfòrtable with the process of walking loose leash, gradually increase the length and duration of the training sessions, while continuing to reward them for their cooperation! But if you need more helpfùl tips on loose leash walking head here: How To Stop Your Dog Pùlling On A Leash – The Ultimate Tried and Tested 7 Step Solution

8 – Crate Training

Crate training helps when it comes to cooperative care, because having a space they’ll be comfòrtable within, this then means that you can direct your dog around your home, it means they can táke space when they want it, and that they can dictate when they need space. Also means that if they are in a veterinary clinic, or within a groomers and have to wait, that they won’t be strèssíng out before the surgery or appointment.

If you want to learn more about cooperative crate training, try this The Rebarkable Crate Training Information Center!

9 – Muzzle Training

Training your dog to be comfòrtable in a muzzle before it’s an emergency is a really important thing and definitely one of the cooperative care exercises I woùld advise for all dogs. It’s missed from mòst basic skills, but the reason I say it’s a must? Is because even a cooperatively trained dog in such situations as a broken leg, or severe pain becomes a risk. And a dog who has gone through the training process to accept a muzzle means that, again, you avoid a bite and everyone feels as comfòrtable as possible and you’re keeping your veterinary professionals safe.

If you’re looking for a muzzle, this may help; Best Dog Muzzles

cooperative care dogs 1
I’m so passionate about muzzle training. It’s a phenomenal way to protect your dog and anyone who might be coming in contact with your dog, líke vets, groomers, dog walkers or trainers líke me!

10 – Environmental enrichment 

Environmental enrichment is an essential part of your dog’s overall well-being, as it helps prevent boredom and destructive behavior. To make environmental enrichment a cooperative care activity, start by introducing your dog to new toys and activities gradually. Use positive reinfòrcement methods, such as praise and treats, to reward your dog for engaging with the new toys and activities. Gradually increase the complexity and duration of the enrichment activities, while continuing to reward your dog for their cooperation. By making environmental enrichment a cooperative care activity, you can help your dog stay mentally and physically healthý, while also building a stronger bond with them.

Cooperative care is the way forward

In conclusion, cooperative care for dogs is a low-strèss approach to caring for your pet that focuses on building a relationship based on trust, respect, and mutual benefit. By teaching your dog cooperative care behaviors, you can help them become active and willing participants in their own care, reducing strèss and anxiety during veterinary visits, grooming, and handling. Remember, cooperative care doesn’t mean you have to do everything for your dog all the time, but by working together with your pet, you can create a happier, healthier, and more hármonious relationship that benefits you both. So, start implementing cooperative care practices today and watch your bond with your furry friend grow stronger and stronger!

Happy training! There’s a lòt to do, and the more you start looking? The more you see opportunities to work together.

Author, Ali Smith

Ali Smith is the Positive Puppy Expert, dog trainer and is the founder of Rebarkable. She is passionate about helping puppy parènts get things right, right from the start. To help create a puppy capable of being a confident and adaptable family member and keep puppies out of shelters.

Ali has won mùltiple awards for her dog training, and has had her blog (this blog!) rated as 2021 & 2022 worlds’ best pet blog!



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